I recently posted about hydraulic fracturing (or fracking for short), my previous post was a reasoned post, I was told it was bad, and I just bitched because my government allowed it. I assumed that the usual causes (big Money and politicians) were involved in this. But it’s not something like “We allow the sale of cigarrtettes, alcohol and (legal) addictive drugs because of Money, but you can choose not to consume them”. I ended up researching about it and it’s psychotic.
Let me put this in context, the fact of the matter is that there are effluent regulations, in industry in general, industries simply cannot discharge hazardous chemicals into the environment, and if they do, they are prosecuted, the environment agencies monitor these effluents and keep a close watch on them, the same with emissions, there are laws forcing companies to decrease theit greenhouse gas emissions.
Now, imagine my surprise, when I found out that fracking is allowed in countires with these regulations, once again let’s keep in mind that if you change the oil in your car and were so unconscious as to throw your used oil in the drain and got caught, you would be fined and probably “jailed” (even though you will not actually go to jail, you would get probation, at least the first time), and energy companies are allowed to inject fracking fluid into the ground, now “fracking fluid” does not seem bad, until we look at what it contains, now just imagine what your government would do to you if you dumped the following chemicals in your back yard:
WARNING!!! – GEEK STUFF AHEAD…. (Got all this from Wikipedia, I also confirmed it in several other sites, including government agencies, so let’s remind them it was there, if people start dying, they can`t say they didn’t know).
Additives can include one or more of the following:
Acids—hydrochloric acid (usually 28%-5%), or acetic acid is used in the pre-fracturing stage for cleaning the perforations and initiating fissure in the near-wellbore rock.
Sodium chloride (salt)—delays breakdown of the gel polymer chains.
Polyacrylamide and other friction reducers—minimizes the friction between fluid and pipe, thus allowing the pumps to pump at a higher rate without having greater pressure on the surface.
Ethylene glycol—prevents formation of scale deposits in the pipe.
Borate salts—used for maintaining fluid viscosity during the temperature increase.
Sodium and potassium carbonates—used for maintaining effectiveness of crosslinkers.
Glutaraldehyde—used as disinfectant of the water (bacteria elimination).
Guar gum and other water-soluble gelling agents—increases viscosity of the fracturing fluid to deliver more efficiently the proppant into the formation.
Citric acid—used for corrosion prevention.
Isopropanol—increases the viscosity of the fracture fluid.
The most common chemical used for hydraulic fracturing in the United States in 2005–2009 was methanol, while some other most widely used chemicals were isopropyl alcohol, 2-butoxyethanol, and ethylene glycol.
Typical fluid types are:
Conventional linear gels. These gels are cellulose derivatives (carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, carboxymethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, methyl hydroxyl ethyl cellulose), guar or its derivatives (hydroxypropyl guar, carboxymethyl hydroxypropyl guar) based, with other chemicals providing the necessary chemistry for the desired results.
Borate-crosslinked fluids. These are guar-based fluids cross-linked with boron ions (from aqueous borax/boric acid solution). These gels have higher viscosity at pH 9 onwards and are used to carry proppants. After the fracturing job the pH is reduced to 3–4 so that the cross-links are broken and the gel is less viscous and can be pumped out.
Organometallic-crosslinked fluids zirconium, chromium, antimony, titanium salts are known to crosslink the guar based gels. The crosslinking mechanism is not reversible. So once the proppant is pumped down along with the cross-linked gel, the fracturing part is done. The gels are broken down with appropriate breakers.
Aluminium phosphate-ester oil gels. Aluminium phosphate and ester oils are slurried to form cross-linked gel. These are one of the first known gelling systems.
END OF GEEK STUFF…
Now today, in the city where I live, we cannot use our fireplaces, “too much soot” the say, well, I am really concerned that I have to “properly dispose of” my used oil, batteries, etc. And my elected and well paid officials are allowing fracking, it’s plain insanity, it is this simple, if you can`t say it or don`t have a clue of what it is, it doesn’t belong in our water table (or anywhere near it BTW).
I don`t really know what half of that stuff is, but I’m pretty sure I would not be allowed to dump it anywhere, so how is it that energy companies are allowed to PUMP IT into the ground ?.
Sorry to mess up your day